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    nginx: Linux packages

    Supported distributions and versions
    Installation instructions
    ?????RHEL and derivatives
    ?????Debian
    ?????Ubuntu
    ?????SLES
    ?????Alpine
    ?????Amazon Linux
    Source Packages
    Dynamic Modules
    Signatures

    Supported distributions and versions

    nginx packages are available for the following Linux distributions and versions:

    RHEL and derivatives

    Version Supported Platforms
    7.4+ x86_64, aarch64/arm64
    8.x x86_64, aarch64/arm64, s390x
    9.x x86_64, aarch64/arm64, s390x

    Debian

    Version Supported Platforms
    11.x “bullseye” x86_64, aarch64/arm64

    Ubuntu

    Version Supported Platforms
    18.04 “bionic” x86_64, aarch64/arm64
    20.04 “focal” x86_64, aarch64/arm64, s390x
    22.04 “jammy” x86_64, aarch64/arm64, s390x
    22.10 “kinetic” x86_64, aarch64/arm64

    SLES

    Version Supported Platforms
    12 SP5+ x86_64
    15 SP2+ x86_64

    Alpine

    Version Supported platforms
    3.14 x86_64, aarch64/arm64
    3.15 x86_64, aarch64/arm64
    3.16 x86_64, aarch64/arm64
    3.17 x86_64, aarch64/arm64

    Amazon Linux

    Version Supported platforms
    2 (LTS) x86_64, aarch64/arm64

    Installation instructions

    Before you install nginx for the first time on a new machine, you need to set up the nginx packages repository. Afterward, you can install and update nginx from the repository.

    RHEL and derivatives

    This section applies to Red Hat Enterprise Linux and its derivatives such as CentOS, Oracle Linux, Rocky Linux, AlmaLinux.

    Install the prerequisites:

    sudo yum install yum-utils
    

    To set up the yum repository, create the file named /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo with the following contents:

    [nginx-stable]
    name=nginx stable repo
    baseurl=http://www.ynty1.com/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=1
    gpgkey=http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key
    module_hotfixes=true
    
    [nginx-mainline]
    name=nginx mainline repo
    baseurl=http://www.ynty1.com/packages/mainline/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=0
    gpgkey=http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key
    module_hotfixes=true
    

    By default, the repository for stable nginx packages is used. If you would like to use mainline nginx packages, run the following command:

    sudo yum-config-manager --enable nginx-mainline
    

    To install nginx, run the following command:

    sudo yum install nginx
    

    When prompted to accept the GPG key, verify that the fingerprint matches 573B FD6B 3D8F BC64 1079 A6AB ABF5 BD82 7BD9 BF62, and if so, accept it.

    Debian

    Install the prerequisites:

    sudo apt install curl gnupg2 ca-certificates lsb-release debian-archive-keyring
    

    Import an official nginx signing key so apt could verify the packages authenticity. Fetch the key:

    curl http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key | gpg --dearmor \
        | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg >/dev/null
    

    Verify that the downloaded file contains the proper key:

    gpg --dry-run --quiet --no-keyring --import --import-options import-show /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg
    

    The output should contain the full fingerprint 573BFD6B3D8FBC641079A6ABABF5BD827BD9BF62 as follows:

    pub   rsa2048 2011-08-19 [SC] [expires: 2024-06-14]
          573BFD6B3D8FBC641079A6ABABF5BD827BD9BF62
    uid                      nginx signing key <signing-key@nginx.com>
    

    If the fingerprint is different, remove the file.

    To set up the apt repository for stable nginx packages, run the following command:

    echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg] \
    http://www.ynty1.com/packages/debian `lsb_release -cs` nginx" \
        | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
    

    If you would like to use mainline nginx packages, run the following command instead:

    echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg] \
    http://www.ynty1.com/packages/mainline/debian `lsb_release -cs` nginx" \
        | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
    

    Set up repository pinning to prefer our packages over distribution-provided ones:

    echo -e "Package: *\nPin: origin www.ynty1.com\nPin: release o=nginx\nPin-Priority: 900\n" \
        | sudo tee /etc/apt/preferences.d/99nginx
    

    To install nginx, run the following commands:

    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install nginx
    

    Ubuntu

    Install the prerequisites:

    sudo apt install curl gnupg2 ca-certificates lsb-release ubuntu-keyring
    

    Import an official nginx signing key so apt could verify the packages authenticity. Fetch the key:

    curl http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key | gpg --dearmor \
        | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg >/dev/null
    

    Verify that the downloaded file contains the proper key:

    gpg --dry-run --quiet --no-keyring --import --import-options import-show /usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg
    

    The output should contain the full fingerprint 573BFD6B3D8FBC641079A6ABABF5BD827BD9BF62 as follows:

    pub   rsa2048 2011-08-19 [SC] [expires: 2024-06-14]
          573BFD6B3D8FBC641079A6ABABF5BD827BD9BF62
    uid                      nginx signing key <signing-key@nginx.com>
    

    If the fingerprint is different, remove the file.

    To set up the apt repository for stable nginx packages, run the following command:

    echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg] \
    http://www.ynty1.com/packages/ubuntu `lsb_release -cs` nginx" \
        | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
    

    If you would like to use mainline nginx packages, run the following command instead:

    echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/nginx-archive-keyring.gpg] \
    http://www.ynty1.com/packages/mainline/ubuntu `lsb_release -cs` nginx" \
        | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
    

    Set up repository pinning to prefer our packages over distribution-provided ones:

    echo -e "Package: *\nPin: origin www.ynty1.com\nPin: release o=nginx\nPin-Priority: 900\n" \
        | sudo tee /etc/apt/preferences.d/99nginx
    

    To install nginx, run the following commands:

    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install nginx
    

    SLES

    Install the prerequisites:

    sudo zypper install curl ca-certificates gpg2
    

    To set up the zypper repository for stable nginx packages, run the following command:

    sudo zypper addrepo --gpgcheck --type yum --refresh --check \
        'http://www.ynty1.com/packages/sles/$releasever_major' nginx-stable
    

    If you would like to use mainline nginx packages, run the following command instead:

    sudo zypper addrepo --gpgcheck --type yum --refresh --check \
        'http://www.ynty1.com/packages/mainline/sles/$releasever_major' nginx-mainline
    

    Next, import an official nginx signing key so zypper/rpm could verify the packages authenticity. Fetch the key:

    curl -o /tmp/nginx_signing.key http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key
    

    Verify that the downloaded file contains the proper key:

    gpg --with-fingerprint /tmp/nginx_signing.key
    

    The output should contain the full fingerprint 573B FD6B 3D8F BC64 1079 A6AB ABF5 BD82 7BD9 BF62 as follows:

    pub  2048R/7BD9BF62 2011-08-19 [expires: 2024-06-14]
          Key fingerprint = 573B FD6B 3D8F BC64 1079  A6AB ABF5 BD82 7BD9 BF62
    uid nginx signing key <signing-key@nginx.com>
    

    Finally, import the key to the rpm database:

    sudo rpmkeys --import /tmp/nginx_signing.key
    

    To install nginx, run the following command:

    sudo zypper install nginx
    

    Alpine

    Install the prerequisites:

    sudo apk add openssl curl ca-certificates
    

    To set up the apk repository for stable nginx packages, run the following command:

    printf "%s%s%s%s\n" \
        "@nginx " \
        "http://www.ynty1.com/packages/alpine/v" \
        `egrep -o '^[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' /etc/alpine-release` \
        "/main" \
        | sudo tee -a /etc/apk/repositories
    

    If you would like to use mainline nginx packages, run the following command instead:

    printf "%s%s%s%s\n" \
        "@nginx " \
        "http://www.ynty1.com/packages/mainline/alpine/v" \
        `egrep -o '^[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' /etc/alpine-release` \
        "/main" \
        | sudo tee -a /etc/apk/repositories
    

    Next, import an official nginx signing key so apk could verify the packages authenticity. Fetch the key:

    curl -o /tmp/nginx_signing.rsa.pub http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.rsa.pub
    

    Verify that downloaded file contains the proper key:

    openssl rsa -pubin -in /tmp/nginx_signing.rsa.pub -text -noout
    

    The output should contain the following modulus:

    Public-Key: (2048 bit)
    Modulus:
        00:fe:14:f6:0a:1a:b8:86:19:fe:cd:ab:02:9f:58:
        2f:37:70:15:74:d6:06:9b:81:55:90:99:96:cc:70:
        5c:de:5b:e8:4c:b2:0c:47:5b:a8:a2:98:3d:11:b1:
        f6:7d:a0:46:df:24:23:c6:d0:24:52:67:ba:69:ab:
        9a:4a:6a:66:2c:db:e1:09:f1:0d:b2:b0:e1:47:1f:
        0a:46:ac:0d:82:f3:3c:8d:02:ce:08:43:19:d9:64:
        86:c4:4e:07:12:c0:5b:43:ba:7d:17:8a:a3:f0:3d:
        98:32:b9:75:66:f4:f0:1b:2d:94:5b:7c:1c:e6:f3:
        04:7f:dd:25:b2:82:a6:41:04:b7:50:93:94:c4:7c:
        34:7e:12:7c:bf:33:54:55:47:8c:42:94:40:8e:34:
        5f:54:04:1d:9e:8c:57:48:d4:b0:f8:e4:03:db:3f:
        68:6c:37:fa:62:14:1c:94:d6:de:f2:2b:68:29:17:
        24:6d:f7:b5:b3:18:79:fd:31:5e:7f:4c:be:c0:99:
        13:cc:e2:97:2b:dc:96:9c:9a:d0:a7:c5:77:82:67:
        c9:cb:a9:e7:68:4a:e1:c5:ba:1c:32:0e:79:40:6e:
        ef:08:d7:a3:b9:5d:1a:df:ce:1a:c7:44:91:4c:d4:
        99:c8:88:69:b3:66:2e:b3:06:f1:f4:22:d7:f2:5f:
        ab:6d
    Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
    

    Finally, move the key to apk trusted keys storage:

    sudo mv /tmp/nginx_signing.rsa.pub /etc/apk/keys/
    

    To install nginx, run the following command:

    sudo apk add nginx@nginx
    

    The @nginx tag should also be specified when installing packages with dynamic modules:

    sudo apk add nginx-module-image-filter@nginx nginx-module-njs@nginx
    

    Amazon Linux

    Install the prerequisites:

    sudo yum install yum-utils
    

    To set up the yum repository, create the file named /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo with the following contents:

    [nginx-stable]
    name=nginx stable repo
    baseurl=http://www.ynty1.com/packages/amzn2/$releasever/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=1
    gpgkey=http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key
    module_hotfixes=true
    
    [nginx-mainline]
    name=nginx mainline repo
    baseurl=http://www.ynty1.com/packages/mainline/amzn2/$releasever/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=0
    gpgkey=http://www.ynty1.com/keys/nginx_signing.key
    module_hotfixes=true
    

    By default, the repository for stable nginx packages is used. If you would like to use mainline nginx packages, run the following command:

    sudo yum-config-manager --enable nginx-mainline
    

    To install nginx, run the following command:

    sudo yum install nginx
    

    When prompted to accept the GPG key, verify that the fingerprint matches 573B FD6B 3D8F BC64 1079 A6AB ABF5 BD82 7BD9 BF62, and if so, accept it.

    Source Packages

    Packaging sources can be found in the packaging sources repository.

    The default branch holds packaging sources for the current mainline version, while stable-* branches contain latest sources for stable releases. To build binary packages, run make in debian/ directory on Debian/Ubuntu, or in rpm/SPECS/ on RHEL and derivatives, SLES, and Amazon Linux, or in alpine/ on Alpine.

    Packaging sources are distributed under the same 2-clause BSD-like license used by nginx.

    Dynamic Modules

    Main nginx package is built with all modules that do not require additional libraries to avoid extra dependencies. Since version 1.9.11, nginx supports dynamic modules and the following modules are built as dynamic and shipped as separate packages:

    nginx-module-geoip
    nginx-module-image-filter
    nginx-module-njs
    nginx-module-perl
    nginx-module-xslt
    

    Signatures

    Since our PGP keys and packages are located on the same server, they are equally trusted. It is highly advised to additionally verify the authenticity of the downloaded PGP key. PGP has the “Web of Trust” concept, when a key is signed by someone else’s key, that in turn is signed by another key and so on. It often makes possible to build a chain from an arbitrary key to someone’s key who you know and trust personally, thus verify the authenticity of the first key in a chain. This concept is described in details in GPG Mini Howto. Our keys have enough signatures, and their authenticity is relatively easy to check.

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